Klejn L.S. Ethnogenesis and archaeology (Abstract)
In print at the philological faculty of St. Petersburg University, in Russian
By Leo S. Klejn
This book (not yet published, but accepted by the Publishers of Philological faculty of St. Petersburg university) is a collection of articles by Prof. L. S. Klejn on the subject of ethnogenesis, i. e. the origins of peoples. These 46 articles written at different times from the ’60s onwards were mostly published in various specialist journals and collections, frequently foreign, and as such were inaccessible to the majority of readers. A number of these articles, for various reasons, have never before been published. They are all published here in Russian.
Ethnogenetic problems are always of interest, both to the public and to scholars, and always provoke debate, since they touch upon people’s emotions and political interests. However, as data (especially archaeological) has accumulated and as methods of research have become more reliable, it is possible to take positions on these questions with greater confidence. The book aims to reveal such positions.
The author is known as a theoretician of archaeology. His monographs in this area (Introduction totheoretical archaeology, Archaeological typology, Archaeological records, Principles of archaeology a. o.) have not aimed to touch every major specific problem in archaeology. In particular, in these monographs problems of ethnogenesis were set aside, although the author has done much work on these problems. In order to present his views on these problems in total he decided to reedit re-edit his articles on this subject for this collection.
The articles are divided into sections. The first of which is devoted to the definition of the concept ‘ethnos’. The meaning of this concept remains debatable: the author makes clear his own position in relation to that of Lev N. Gumilev and Yu. V. Bromley (for the most part these articles are previously unpublished).
The second section is composed of articles that analyse the, many times criticised but enduring and, in various forms, revived doctrine of Kossinna and his followers in the context of domestic (Russian) archaeology.
The third section is composed of articles that make clear the author’s understanding of the theory of ethnogenesis. The author suggests a new approach to the problems of ethnogenesis.
The fourth section is composed of articles on the most controversial area of ethnogenetic problems, – on migrations. The author defends the necessity of studying migrations and believes that many migrations are as yet undetected because of the jaundiced view of many archaeologists and their anxiety to avoid the accusation of Kossinism. He explains and substantiates methods of revealing migrations by archaeological means.
The fifth section is composed of articles on specific problems of ethnogenesis – on Aryans, Germans and Tocharians.
The articles in this collection are built upon a vast literature on the subject, in various languages. For the sake of brevity the bibliography is limited to a single list, and for readers’ convenience the book is supplied with indices.
The book (of ca. 800 pages) will be of interest to archaeologists and ethnographers, and to scholars and students, as well as to all who are interested in the origins of peoples.
II. Kossinna and Kossinnism
IV. Migrations and migrationism
V. Particular problems of ethnogenesis
Indices: names and subjects
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